Blue Nile Meets White Nile, Umm Durman | Sudan | NEZAR ALSAYYAD'S NILE
The Nile is a major north-flowing river in northeastern Africa, and is the longest river in the The river Nile has two major tributaries, the White Nile and Blue Nile . The White The two rivers meet just north of the Sudanese capital of Khartoum. Khartoum is the capital and largest city of Sudan. It is located at the confluence of the White Nile, flowing north from Lake Victoria, and the Blue Nile, flowing west from Ethiopia. The location where the two Niles meet is known as "al-Mogran" ( المقرن;. In Sudan's bustling capital, Khartoum, which sits at the confluence of the Blue and White Niles, traders sell sim cards on the busy streets while.
The River Atbara overflowed its closed basin during the wet periods that occurred abouttoyears ago. The Blue Nile connected to the main Nile during the 70,—80, years B. Role in the founding of Egyptian civilization[ edit ] A felucca traversing the Nile near Aswan The Greek historian Herodotus wrote that "Egypt was the gift of the Nile". An unending source of sustenance, it provided a crucial role in the development of Egyptians civilization. Silt deposits from the Nile made the surrounding land fertile because the river overflowed its banks annually.
Where two Niles meet: a view of life in Sudan – in pictures
The Ancient Egyptians cultivated and traded wheatflaxpapyrus and other crops around the Nile. Wheat was a crucial crop in the famine-plagued Middle East. This trading system secured Egypt's diplomatic relationships with other countries, and contributed to economic stability. Far-reaching trade has been carried on along the Nile since ancient times. A tune, Hymn to the Nilewas created and sung by the ancient Egyptian peoples about the flooding of the Nile River and all of the miracles it brought to Ancient Egyptian civilization.
These animals were killed for meat, and were domesticated and used for ploughing—or in the camels' case, carriage. Water was vital to both people and livestock. The Nile was also a convenient and efficient means of transportation for people and goods. The Nile was an important part of ancient Egyptian spiritual life.
Hapi was the god of the annual floods, and both he and the pharaoh were thought to control the flooding. The Nile was considered to be a causeway from life to death and the afterlife. The east was thought of as a place of birth and growth, and the west was considered the place of death, as the god Rathe Sun, underwent birth, death, and resurrection each day as he crossed the sky.
Thus, all tombs were west of the Nile, because the Egyptians believed that in order to enter the afterlife, they had to be buried on the side that symbolized death. As the Nile was such an important factor in Egyptian life, the ancient calendar was even based on the 3 cycles of the Nile.Khartoum blue nile and white nile intersection
These seasons, each consisting of four months of thirty days each, were called AkhetPeretand Shemu. Akhet, which means inundation, was the time of the year when the Nile flooded, leaving several layers of fertile soil behind, aiding in agricultural growth. Speke was the Victorian explorer who first reached Lake Victoria inreturning to establish it as the source of the Nile by Stanley circumnavigated the lake and confirmed Speke's observations in Various expeditions failed to determine the river's source.
Agatharcides records that in the time of Ptolemy II Philadelphusa military expedition had penetrated far enough along the course of the Blue Nile to determine that the summer floods were caused by heavy seasonal rainstorms in the Ethiopian Highlandsbut no European of antiquity is known to have reached Lake Tana.
The Tabula Rogeriana depicted the source as three lakes in Europeans began to learn about the origins of the Nile in the 15th and 16th centuries, when travelers to Ethiopia visited Lake Tana and the source of the Blue Nile in the mountains south of the lake. Telles also used his account.
The White Nile was even less understood. The ancients mistakenly believed that the Niger River represented the upper reaches of the White Nile. For example, Pliny the Elder wrote that the Nile had its origins "in a mountain of lower Mauretania ", flowed above ground for "many days" distance, then went underground, reappeared as a large lake in the territories of the Masaesylithen sank again below the desert to flow underground "for a distance of 20 days' journey till it reaches the nearest Ethiopians.
A map of the Nile c. Believing he had found the source of the Nile on seeing this "vast expanse of open water" for the first time, Speke named the lake after the then Queen of the United Kingdom.
Khartoum - Wikipedia
Burton, recovering from illness and resting further south on the shores of Lake Tanganyika, was outraged that Speke claimed to have proved his discovery to be the true source of the Nile when Burton regarded this as still unsettled. The Nile in Cairo. These form part of the great Nile delta, which is composed of fine silt from the basalts of the Ethiopian highlands.
The following map shows the topography of the Nile River basin.
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You can see how the Earth's surface slopes down from the headwater regions make sure you know where they are! Map showing elevation in the Nile Basin. United Nations Environment Program The chart below shows the stream gradient - essentially the downhill slope - traveled by the White and Blue Niles from the headwaters to the Mediterranean Sea. Change in slope along the the length of the Nile River. Barbara Tewksbury, Hamilton College.
One of the reasons I stay in Sudan is to continue do a lot of photography. I think if I was not in Sudan, I would not do as much photography as I do now.
I need a context to which I am closely connected. Why do you think that if you left Sudan, you would do different things?
Sudan is in a very complex economic situation. Most Sudanese are trying to leave the country for a better job. In my case, a job outside the country would mean going back to only working as an engineer. In Sudan, I am more in control of my time. The 70s and 80s were the golden age in Sudan, both for art and in general.
Afterwhen Colonel Omar el-Bashir came to power by military coup, art was their enemy like any other form of freedom of expression. The attention to artistic expression started to diminish in Sudan, especially photography. Untilphotography was the major department in the Faculty of Art and then it was closed and became just a course. The art scene in general is not very vibrant these days and a lot needs to be done to bring it back as it was before.
It is a little complicated to do so in an environment where the government does not want photography to grow. There is still that fear of photography. With the revolution of the Internet, now many people have access to education. Most of the photographers in Sudan are self-taught. This is also an advantage.
My friends and I started teaching photography as an art form and we founded a group called the Sudanese Photographers in It was just a place to meet all the photographers and share ideas. Inwe decided to focus on photography and education to promote photography in the country.
LESSON 4 OUTLINE
I am not a classically trained educator but I found myself in this situation of having to teach, and teaching means you have to study more also. We are trying to revive the art photography scene in Sudan and trying to learn, educate ourselves, and transmit to others.
Why does this fear of photography still remain in the country from after the coup?