SCENE I. Padua. A room in BAPTISTA'S house.
Petruchio certainly tries to charm Baptista during his first meeting at the beginning of Act 2, using the overtly flattering language to describe Katherine. Of course. Petruchio resolves to woo, marry, and tame the wild Kate. When the two meet, sparks begin to fly. Kate discovers she has at last met a man who can stand up to . They've never met, but despite their differences and distances, In DuVal's production, Petruchio first meets Kate in New York's Little Italy.
Regardless of viewpoint, their relationship is far from a healthy one. According to the National Domestic Violence Hotline, a healthy relationship is one where partners listen to each other and treat each other with respect.
From what is seen of Act 2, Petruchio and Kate are unwilling to compromise and form understandings of one another. They constantly criticize and are disrespectful towards each other. If Baptista had an intimate acquaintanceship or friendship with Antonio, the Baptista would have known Petruchio either by sight or name. Petruchio only knows Kate for one scene in Act 2 before the decision is made that the two shall marry.
Their physical and verbal interactions in Act 2, Scene both reflects signs of physical abuse and illegal actions in the rules of courtly love.
Kate and Petruchio meet Nick Reed, Tyler Schumacher, @UncleKunkel.
This couple have been left to have a conversation unsupervised, without the presence of a male family relative. It is typical of a performance of The Taming of the Shrew that Petruchio and Kate begin to wrestle and physically strike each other during their verbal battle of wits.
Touching, even holding hands, was taboo in terms of courtship. By Act 4, Petruchio finds ways to physically abuse her after she is made his wife without touching her. Petruchio frequently forbids Kate from eating and sleeping until she submits to him. He starves her until she grovels at his feet and becomes grateful that she is married to him.
Besides Petruchio keeping Katherine sleep deprived and not through the method of excessive lovemaking on their honeymoon as newlyweds often do and starving his new wife, Petruchio has been emotionally manipulative as he controls her appearance. After leaving immediately after the wedding and before the reception in Act 3, Petruchio forces Kate to leave without properly saying goodbye to her family and packing for the trip.
In Act 4, Katherine remains in her old filthy wedding gown, having been ruined mostly on the journey. In Act 4, Scene 3, Petruchio has had a Tailor fashion her a new dress. Petruchio has tempted Katherine with a new dress and he forces her to remain in rags.
From the moment the two wed in Act 3, Petruchio segregates Katherine from her family. He continues to isolate her by taking her to his house in the country, a place she has never been before. In her alienation, Katherine gathers the desire to return to the family she argued with frequently and at times, despised.
Petruchio denies her requests. Petruchio makes her and company travel back on foot to Padua.
The Taming of the Shrew
Katherine, who has not had her proper sleep or intake of victuals over the past few days, becomes utterly exhausted and drained of energy. Whenever Kate disobeys her lord husband or disagrees with his lawful wording, Petruchio makes them return back to his country home and restart the odyssey. Kathrine soon figures that her own behavior is to blame for her punishment; Katherine feels she is deserving of the abuse.
After this psychological and bodily torture, Katherine finally concedes and they are able to continue. Lucentio and Tranio come up with an elaborate scheme that will enable Lucentio to woo Bianca. What is that scheme? How is it further embellished with the arrival of Biondello? Lucentio will pretend to be a schoolmaster and present himself as an instructor to Bianca. They switch their clothes to signal their new identities.
When Biondello arrives, Lucentio claims that he has killed someone and can be identified by a witness; Tranio is pretending to be him so that Lucentio can escape. Biondello does not believe this story, but he goes along with it anyway.
Lucentio has an easy, friendly relationship with his servants. Tranio does not hesitate to advise his employer, such as when he counsels him not to take his studies too seriously or determines to break Lucentio out of his love struck trance. Though Biondello appears only briefly, he is straightforward with Lucentio. Throughout the scene, Lucentio makes a plethora of classical allusions, among them references to Minerva, the Queen of Carthage, and Agenor.
During the Renaissance, knowledge of classical Greek and Roman history and literature was generally confined to those of the upper classes in the social hierarchy.
Sly reappears to remind members of the audience they are watching a play-within-a-play; the reappearance of his foolish character and the fact that he would be quite happy for the show he is watching to end both emphasize the elements of comic farce. Both stories develop themes of disguise and dishonesty; also, in both stories various characters assume different identities. Greek mythology hero who carried out twelve impossible tasks in jest: Helen of Troy, thought to be the most beautiful woman in the world liberality: A pun is a joke that uses a word or phrase humorously to emphasize its different meanings.
Petruchio becomes angry and physical with Grumio. The exchange shows that Petruchio is a sharptongued, commanding person, much stricter with his servant than Lucentio was with his in the previous scene. Petruchio expects to be obeyed. Petruchio means that he is in Padua to marry a wealthy woman. His wife will enable him to thrive, living a rich lifestyle.
Why is Petruchio willing to take on a difficult wife, while Hortensio is not? Of the two, Petruchio is much more motivated by money; he indicates that Hortensio is foolish not to be. Why is it likely that Hortensio was not joking when he raised the subject, and what does this claim reveal about him? Hortensio is being disingenuous when he says he raised the subject as a joke, which further emphasizes the shadiness of his character. Logically, then, and in order to advance his own goals, Hortensio wanted to present Katherine as a suitable wife for Petruchio.
How does Lucentio deceive Gremio? In actuality, he is pretending to be a schoolmaster so that he might court Bianca on his own behalf. What might his purpose be in this scene? Grumio offers comic relief in this scene. Grumio is also outspoken about the events unfolding around him. Petruchio boasts of all of the difficult predicaments he has survived, which were much more daunting than the mere words of a woman.
What reason does Tranio as Lucentio offer for why the other men should not care about his desire to court Bianca? What compels the rivals for Bianca to join forces? The rivals all realize that they have a shared objective: Describe the exchange between Kate and Bianca. How does Kate appear to the audience? She is bound because of Kate, both literally and metaphorically, because she is not free to marry until Kate has a husband. Kate becomes angry and strikes Bianca, which seems unfair and mean.
She appears to fit well the role of the untamed shrew. How do they feel about each other, and why? He is critical of Kate and protective of Bianca: Kate displays a fiery anger toward her father, but the extent that she is hurt by his favoritism is clear, too. Her fury may well be fueled by her hurt. Talk not to me. In this scene, the institution of marriage is characterized mainly as a financial transaction.
Describe how this idea is enforced in the dialogue between Bianca and Kate, as well as in the dialogue between Petruchio and Baptista and among Baptista, Gremio, and Tranio. This suggests that Baptista feels Kate has some choice in the matter of her husband and that he understands what she might need to make her happy.
Petruchio is strong-willed, and as Kate is, too, he feels that they are equally matched. Neither will drown the other out, but rather their meeting of passion will temper them both. Why is it unusual?
What might be motivating Petruchio to respond this way? He may genuinely be impressed by a woman who is feisty, finding that feistiness attractive. As revealed in his soliloquy, how does Petruchio plan to win Kate over? Petruchio plans to win Kate over through flattery, no matter how horribly she treats him: Describe the first meeting between Petruchio and Kate. In what ways is the dialogue different from the other dialogue in the play? The dialogue between Petruchio and Kate follows a very quick pace.
For most of their exchange, each speaks just one witty line before the other responds. Though other scenes also incorporate wordplay, nowhere is it more evidenced than in the exchange between Petruchio and Kate, who seem to deftly pile pun upon pun.
Clearly, each is a gifted and quick-witted linguist. Petruchio gains the upper hand. Kate has not exchanged insults with someone as quick-witted as Petruchio, and she seems frustrated by the challenge he presents. Petruchio, though he aims to flatter and indulge her through most of their dialogue, also deals with her firmly.
Why does he do this? Petruchio tells the other men that Kate is affectionate and loving in private, but they have agreed that in public she need not be: Why does Kate acquiesce to the marriage?
What other motivations might account for her silence? Kate is quiet after Petruchio tells his lie to the others.
It is possible she feels defeated and does not want to fight anymore. Finally, it is also possible that she really is attracted to Petruchio and does want to marry him. Which man wins the right to court Bianca, and why?
Tranio as Lucentio wins the right to court Bianca because he has more inheritance to offer her should he die. What does it imply? This complication suggests that the play will involve even more lies and deceit. What is the relationship between Lucentio and Hortensio? How do they interact with each other? Through what means do Bianca and Lucentio flirt? Bianca, in turn, neither rejects Lucentio nor accepts him. How does she seem different?
In this scene, how- SGT: In this scene, Bianca is independent, strong, and clever; she assumes control, something she has not done previously. Hortensio claims he will no longer seek to court Bianca if she would stoop to flirt with her tutor. Hortensio may be trying to save his ego and his credibility by rejecting Bianca before she can reject him in a more straightforward manner. What is the overall mood of this scene?
The mood is light and amusing. Describe the role of disguise and pretense in this scene. Disguise and pretense play a large role, as nothing actually is what it appears to be. Lucentio, disguised as Cambio, communicates with Bianca through pretending to study Ovid. Hortensio is disguised as Litio; he communicates with Bianca through a written accounting of the scales.
Why is Kate distraught over the thought that Petruchio may not show up for their wedding, given that she was opposed to the wedding from the beginning?
Though Kate does not want to marry Petruchio, it is now public knowledge that she will marry him, and she fears being humiliated: Why does his attire upset Baptista? How does Baptista express his anger? His attire expresses a lack of respect for the importance of the wedding and a lack of respect for Baptista, the father of the bride who has planned and undoubtedly funded the wedding. How does Petruchio respond in regard to his lateness and his clothing?
What might his intent be? Petruchio is evasive about his attire and his tardiness, changing the focus of the conversation to Kate and proclaiming that he would like to kiss her. He brushes off any suggestion that his clothes convey disrespect: What recounting does Gremio offer of the wedding ceremony?
Why might Shakespeare have decided to relay the events through Gremio rather than stage the scene for the audience?
Gremio explains to Tranio and Lucentio that Petruchio behaved horribly during the wedding ceremony, making Kate seem like a lamb in comparison. Petruchio cursed, causing the priest to drop the Bible he was using in the ceremony. When the priest bent down to pick up the Bible, Petruchio struck him.
Describe the first confrontation between Kate and Petruchio as husband and wife. Who prevails, and how? She asserts her will, and she fails. Petruchio insults Kate in front of everyone: How do the rest of the characters respond once Kate and Petruchio have left?Kate Meets Petruchio
They had not previously realized how volatile and abusive he can be. What does Grumio tell Curtis happened on the journey home? Grumio tells Curtis that at one point in their journey, Kate fell off her horse and Petruchio used that as a reason to blame—and beat—Grumio.
Grumio is likely implying that because Petruchio has been behaving so badly, the scene will be a volatile one when he gets home with Kate. This implication raises suspense, as the audience anticipates what else will happen between them.
Kate has a reputation for being shrill and unkind, and Petruchio is using these very characteristics in order to quiet Kate. He is, in effect, out-shrewing the shrew. Kate finds herself in a situation in which she is confused and baffled by the new world unfolding around her. Christopher Sly, in the Induction, feels the same way when he awakes from his sleep to find the lord and a bevy of servants treating him as a noble.
He denies her food on the pretext that the food is not suitable for her to eat. He deprives her of sleep by thrashing about and complaining that the bed has not been made properly enough for her.
His plan does seem to be working, in that Kate has not seemed shrill or harsh, but rather confused and kind to the servants. What does it suggest about Petruchio that he compares her to one? Through the metaphor, Petruchio attempts to employ logic to justify starving her. In comparing Kate to a falcon, Petruchio indicates that he sees her as if she were an animal with the sole purpose of obeying and serving him.
How does Tranio trick Hortensio into giving up his pursuit of Bianca? Tranio, in the guise of Lucentio, pretends to be shocked and dismayed that Bianca would show affection towards Cambio, a mere schoolmaster.
He makes a deal with Hortensio, who comes forward with his true identity, that neither of them will marry Bianca. Of course, Tranio can easily make and keep this promise because he is not actually Lucentio. According to Tranio, who is the master of the taming school? Petruchio is the master of the taming school. How does Tranio trick the pedant into assuming the identity of Vincentio?
Tranio finds out the pedant is from Mantua and then concocts a story about those from Mantua not being permitted in Padua, the result of political bickering.
The Taming of the Shrew
What does the audience learn about him? Tranio is incredibly clever. He makes quick work of getting Hortensio out of the competition for Bianca, and he also convinces a stranger to assume the identity of another man.
Tranio does all of this for Lucentio, demonstrating his loyalty to him. How is food used in this scene? Food is used to torture—and thus tame—Kate.
Knowing how hungry she must be, Grumio speaks of a variety of meats he might procure for Kate, but he then tells her they are not good for her temperament. Petruchio actually does produce meat for Kate, but he insists she thank him before he will give it to her. She has not known deprivation, which undoubtedly makes her predicament more challenging for her. Toward what purpose is clothing used in this scene?
Like food, clothing is used as a means to tame Kate. Just as Petruchio presented food to Kate only to prevent her from eating it, he presents a hat and dress only to keep it from her. When Kate compliments the clothing, her meaning is deliberately misconstrued.