Martin Luther King, Jr. and Malcolm X: Incompatible or Complementary? | constantmoon
Martin Luther King Jr. and Malcolm X met only once. On March 26, , the two black leaders were on Capitol Hill, attending Senate debate. misrepresented Martin Luther King and Malcolm X as opposing figures, without . like to thank Peter's colleague Dr. Stephen Hardman for his advice in the early .. and did not regard the relationship itself as worthy of study. On May 19th, , the charismatic and controversial Malcolm X was born Malcolm Owing to the close relationship between Malcolm and his father, they were He even criticized Martin Luther King Jr. and used the word “chump” to describe him. However, Malcolm ignored the advice and told the press that „[ Kennedy].
Their white neighbours managed to make them leave, because of the legal racial exclusion clause which prohibited the sale of buildings to African Americans. A powerful explosion shook the new family house in Lansing after which it burnt to the ground and it did so without the intervention of the relevant services. Malcolm was only 4 at the time, however, he would remember this dramatic event his whole life.
Malcolm X | hopedir.info
Thus, Malcolm was confronted since very young with what meant to be an African American in the s and s US. Owing to the close relationship between Malcolm and his father, they were both able to take part in the privately held UNIA conferences.MALCOLM X – “Learn To Think for Yourself” (1964) 🤔
Malcolm remembered that his father was always proclaiming at the end of the conferences: However, inEarl was assassinated most likely by a white supremacist group called the Black Legion. Yet, the Lansing police determined that his death as well as the burning of the house were accidents.
InMalcolm was put on trial for these offences and sentenced to 10 years imprisonment, but was released in after only seven years in jail. While serving time, Malcolm received letters from his brothers, but especially from Reginald, in which they described a relatively new religious movement called the Nation of Islamled by Elijah Muhammad. Muhammad preached about the African American independence from the Whites and a union with the Africans, in order to form a separate sovereign state from the Europeans and Americans.
Moreover, Reginald explained to Malcolm that the white people systematically prohibited the political, economic and social ascension of the African Americans and therefore, they were the devil.
Sinceinstead of his surname Little, he started writing an X which stood for what he believed to be the name of his real African family. He managed to extend its confessional base to almost This way, the organization received new members each month. Tragically, many of their followers did not understand as they — X and King — did, that at the end of their lives, their basic messages were compatible rather than contradictory.
Both saw the rise of strong black-controlled institutions. Both King and X saw that achieving one goal could contribute to the achievement of the other.
The differences between the two were not as significant as their dedication to the black cause functioned to unite them. Martin came from an affluent family while Malcolm struggled through white school and drugs. Both became leaders in their respective religions. Malcolm, Islam and Martin, Southern Baptist.
Both used Vietnam to strengthen their own causes. Both had limited involvement in the Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee. Integration and SCLC, non violent, civil rights movement. Both fought for the black struggle.
Martin was popular among the less radical. Malcolm was popular with the young and radical. Both exhibited remarkable leadership, both under-utilized women. They shared abominable views on women. X previously believed that blacks were lied to when told that blacks were inferior to whites, where X thought that whites were the ones that were inferior. He felt that this systematic withholding of truth exacerbated racism.
X believed that whites were the root of the evil of racism. This is exhibited through his Poor People Campaign. Martin began to understand the importance of racial pride, even if he took such pride for granted. He advocated black survival, seeking a place free of racial violence. At certain crucial points, both men seemed to belong to a single narrative.
Both had overlapping yet sometimes opposite perspectives. In the end they had more in common than differences. Their differing geography also held a huge importance in their differing stances. King in a middle class home in Atlanta, nurtured by his sense of self-worth through his parents and religion. They both dabbled in the others view. Integration and nationalist agendas were not unfamiliar to either man. For King, ideologies of equality in his southern Baptist upbringing characterized his perspective throughout life; liberal Protestantism, Gandhi: His childhood was subject to white violence and overt as well as covert racism.
His rough time in a white high school made him drop out. He began criminal activities in Boston and Harlem. He was drawn to it because it defined whites as the devil and it strongly emphasised black pride. He believed that the only way that black people could be saved was not to integrate, but to separate from white society. Malcolm also believed in racial pride. But separation is that which is done voluntarily by two equals — for the good of both.
He sought to better both by ending racism and incorporating integration.
He had many militant undertones. But For Malcolm the actors of this vision should be black Americans, however his break with Elijah Muhammad later saw him employ some whites. Using moral and religious activity, Malcolm saw a vision of solidarity with all black people, leading them to gain self-respect through black pride, and finally ending at respect for all races. Drawing from Gandhi, he believed that nonviolence was the greatest persuasion. Martin was born to the southern Negro middle class while Malcolm X was a product of the poor black masses.
Meeting in the Middle: The Forgotten Relationship of Malcolm X and MLK Jr.
The two having vastly different social spheres. Both men used religion as a way to unify. For Martin, nonviolence was not only a moral principal, but a tactic. For Malcolm, he only advocated violence if it was meant for self-defense. While King wanted desegregation, X sought separation. Malcolm advocated self-affirming solidarity and self-respect for blacks.
Martin later adopted this tenet. Malcolm at first exclusionary, later found place in his heart for all races, while Martin always advocated for all races being the agents for change but especially for the church and government policy. Both men died before seeing their dreams come to fruition. The learning point of from both of these great men is that blacks need not choose between Martin and Malcolm, but rather acknowledge the value in both.
Martin was heralded as the nonviolent champion of change; Malcolm, as the symbol of the defiant, angry, alienated youth. Nor could Martin continue to ignore his fiercest black critic, who was becoming increasingly popular among politically-active black youth.
In his youth, there was no hope, no preaching, teaching or movements of nonviolence… and yet he possessed a native intelligence and drive which demanded an outlet and means of expression. Malcolm] would talk less of violence, because violence is not going to solve our problem. Only a few months later, in earlyMalcolm made his famous hajj, or Islamic pilgrimage to Makkah. He returned a changed man — no longer a member of the NOI, no longer a black supremacist, and now truly a Muslim and more open to working together with Martin and other leaders he had previously criticized.
An example of his initiative during this time can be seen in his impromptu meeting with Martin in Washington, D. I really did come thinking that I could make it easier. Martin was visibly disturbed by the news.
While we did not always see eye to eye on methods to solve the race problem, I always had a deep affection for Malcolm and felt that he had the great ability to put his finger on the existence and root of the problem.
He was an eloquent spokesman for his point of view and no one can honestly doubt that Malcolm had a great concern for the problems that we face as a race. While I know that this is a difficult hour for you, I am sure that God will give you the strength to endure. I will certainly be remembering you in my prayers and please know that you have my deepest sympathy. Always consider me a friend and if I can do anything to ease the heavy load that you are forced to carry at this time, please feel free to call on me.
Perhaps that was because I had just met him [at Selma], and perhaps it was because I had begun to understand him better. Martin and I had reassessed our feelings toward him. We realized that since he had been to Makkah and had broken with Elijah Muhammad, he was moving away from hatred toward internationalism and against exploitation.
What a pity that this man who was so talented and such an articulate spokesman for black people should have to die just as he was reaching for something of real value. Both have a secure place in history.