Tutankhamun and tuthmosis iii relationship

What relationship was Tutankhamun to Tuthmosis III? | Religion Answers | FANDOM powered by Wikia

tutankhamun and tuthmosis iii relationship

Tutankhamen or King Tut and Tuthmosis III were both famous Egyptian Pharaohs . King Tut died at a young age and is now famous for his tomb. King Tut. Tutankhamun was the great grandson of Tuthmosis III. Tuthmosis IIIwas the source of Tutankhamun's right to the throne. Thutmose III was the sixth pharaoh of the Eighteenth Dynasty. Officially, Thutmose III ruled Egypt for almost 54 years and his reign is usually dated from 24 April.

He can be seen on a stela from Thutmose's fourth regnal year hunting near Memphis, and he became the "great army-commander of his father" sometime before his death, which was no later than Thutmose's own death in his 12th regnal year. Wadjmose died before his father, and Nefrubity died as an infant.

However, this is considered to be propaganda by Hatshepsut's supporters to legitimise her claim to the throne when she later assumed power. However, if the observation were made at either Heliopolis or Memphisas a minority of scholars promote, Thutmose would have been crowned in BC.

According to the tomb autobiography of Ahmose, son of EbanaThutmose traveled up the Nile and fought in the battle, personally killing the Nubian king. This helped integrate Nubia into the Egyptian empire. His Majesty commanded to dig this canal after he found it stopped up with stones [so that] no [ship sailed upon it]; Year 3, first month of the third season, day His Majesty sailed this canal in victory and in the power of his return from overthrowing the wretched Kush.

Although it has not been found in modern times, he apparently set up a stele when he crossed the Euphrates River. However, after he returned, they discontinued tribute and began fortifying against future incursions. Hatshepsut now took precedence over her stepson, and Tuthmosis was relegated to the background. He would languish in obscurity for some 20 years.

What relationship was Tutankhamun to tuthmosis

From this point onwards, Hatshepsut enjoyed a conventional reign. Military campaigns were scarce; it seems that few enemies were prepared to challenge pharaoh's might. Instead Egypt's vast resources were directed towards a nationwide improvement programme which was to see an extension of the Karnak Temple complex, and the building of the Deir el-Bahari mortuary temple, one of the most beautiful monuments of the Dynastic age.

When she died, after 22 years on the throne, Hatshepsut was buried with all due honour alongside her father in the Valley of the Kings. Hatshepsut had usurped her stepson's throne. What could have caused her to take such unprecedented action?

tutankhamun and tuthmosis iii relationship

Legally, there was no prohibition on a woman ruling Egypt. Although the ideal pharaoh was male - a handsome, athletic, brave, pious and wise male - it was recognised that occasionally a woman might need to act to preserve the dynastic line. When Sobeknofru ruled as king at the end of the troubled 12th Dynasty she was applauded as a national heroine. Mothers who deputised for their infant sons, and queens who substituted for husbands absent on the battlefield, were totally acceptable. What was never anticipated was that a regent would promote herself to a permanent position of power.

Morally Hatshepsut must have known that Tuthmosis was the rightful king. She had, after all, accepted him as such for the first two years of his reign. We must therefore deduce that something happened in year three to upset the status quo and to encourage her to take power. Unfortunately, Hatshepsut never apologises and never explains.

Instead she provides endless justification of her changed status, claiming on her temple walls falsely that both her earthly father Tuthmosis and her heavenly father, the great god Amen, intended her to rule Egypt.

She goes to a great deal of trouble to appear as a typical pharaoh, even changing her official appearance so that her formal images now show her with the stereotyped king's male body, down to the false beard. Hatshepsut has realised that others will eventually question her actions, and is carving her defence in stone.

What are we to make of Hatshepsut's actions? It is too simplistic to condemn her as a ruthless power-seeker. She could not have succeeded without the backing of Egypt's elite, the men who effectively ruled Egypt on behalf of the king, so they at least must have recognised some merit in her case.

Her treatment of Tuthmosis is instructive.

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While the boy-king lived he was a permanent threat to her reign yet, while an 'accidental' death would have been easy to arrange, she took no steps to remove him.

Indeed, seemingly oblivious to the dangers of a coup, she had him trained as a soldier.

What was the relationship between Tutankhamun and Tuthmosis III

It seems that Hatshepsut did not fear Tuthmosis winning the trust of the army and seizing power. Presumably, she felt that he had no reason to hate her. Indeed, seen from her own point of view, her actions were entirely acceptable. She had not deposed her stepson, merely created an old fashioned co-regency, possibly in response to some national emergency. The co-regency, or joint reign, had been a feature of Middle Kingdom royal life, when an older king would associate himself with the more junior partner who would share the state rituals and learn his trade.

A survey was made of the animals and plants he found in Canaan, which was illustrated on the walls of a special room at Karnak. In Thutmose's 29th year, he began his fifth campaign, where he first took an unknown city the name falls in a lacuna which had been garrisoned by Tunip.

Unlike previous plundering raids, Thutmose III garrisoned the area known as Djahywhich is probably a reference to southern Syria. Although there is no direct evidence for it, it is for this reason that some have supposed that Thutmose's sixth campaign, in his thirtieth year, commenced with a naval transportation of troops directly to Byblosbypassing Canaan entirely.

The cities in Syria were not guided by the popular sentiment of the people so much as they were by the small number of nobles who were aligned to Mitanni: Thutmose III found that by taking family members of these key people to Egypt as hostages, he could drastically increase their loyalty to him.

With their economies in ruins, they had no means of funding a rebellion. However, to reach Mitanni, he had to cross the Euphrates River.

tutankhamun and tuthmosis iii relationship

He sailed directly to Byblos [37] and made boats which he took with him over land on what appeared to otherwise be just another tour of Syria, [35] and he proceeded with the usual raiding and pillaging as he moved north through the lands he had already taken. During this period of no opposition, Thutmose put up a second stele commemorating his crossing of the Euphrates next to the stele his grandfather, Thutmose I, had put up several decades earlier.

A militia was raised to fight the invaders, but it fared very poorly. The move from Egypt to Rome was initiated by Constantine the Great Roman Emperor, — inthough he died before it could be shipped out of Alexandria.

tutankhamun and tuthmosis iii relationship

His son, the Emperor Constantius II completed the transfer in An account of the shipment was written by contemporary historian Ammianus Marcellinus. Thutmose III returned to Syria for his ninth campaign in his 34th year, but this appears to have been just a raid of the area called Nukhashshea region populated by semi-nomadic people.

By Thutmose's 35th year, the king of Mitanni had raised a large army and engaged the Egyptians around Aleppo. As usual for any Egyptian king, Thutmose boasted a total crushing victory, but this statement is suspect due to the very small amount of plunder taken. The location of this campaign is impossible to determine since the Shasu were nomads who could have lived anywhere from Lebanon to the Transjordan to Edom.

In his 40th year, tribute was collected from foreign powers, but it is unknown if this was considered a campaign i. Sometime before Thutmose's 42nd year, Mitanni apparently began spreading revolt among all the major cities in Syria. Thutmose moved his troops by land up the coastal road and put down rebellions in the Arka plain "Arkantu" in Thutmose's chronicle and moved on Tunip. He engaged and destroyed three surrounding Mitannian garrisons and returned to Egypt in victory.

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He attacked Nubia, but only went so far as the fourth cataract of the Nile. Although no king of Egypt had ever penetrated so far with an army, previous kings' campaigns had spread Egyptian culture that far already, and the earliest Egyptian document found at Gebel Barkal dates from three years before Thutmose's campaign.

His reign was also a period of great stylistic changes in the sculpture, paintings and reliefs associated with construction, much of it beginning during the reign of Hatshepsut.

A crown from Menhet, Menwi and Merti 's tomb. Glass making advanced during the reign of Thutmose III and this cup bears his name.

Thutmose's architects and artisans showed great continuity with the formal style of previous kings, but several developments set him apart from his predecessors. He built Egypt's only known set of heraldic pillars, two large columns standing alone instead of being part of a set supporting the roof.

Hatshepsut and Tuthmosis: a royal feud?

His jubilee hall was also revolutionary and is arguably the earliest known building created in the basilica style. In the Iput-isut, the temple proper in the center, he rebuilt the hypostyle hall of his grandfather Thutmose Idismantled the red chapel of Hatshepsut, built Pylon VI, a shrine for the bark of Amun in its place, and built an antechamber in front of it, the ceiling of which was supported by his heraldic pillars.

He built a temenos wall around the central chapel containing smaller chapels, along with workshops and storerooms. East of the main sanctuary, he built a jubilee hall in which to celebrate his Sed festival. The main hall was built in basilica style with rows of pillars supporting the ceiling on each side of the aisle. The central two rows were higher than the others to create windows where the ceiling was split.