Social penetration theory - Wikipedia
This shows that breadth of relationships needs to be established first, before that Social Penetration Theory can be used to enhance romantic relationship. This study is an attempt to find the relationship between depth and breadth of .. To what extent do depth of vocabulary knowledge and writing performance of. The social penetration theory (SPT) proposes that, as relationships develop, interpersonal . This is the stage of casual friendship, and many relationships do not go past this stage. Affective stage: The breadth of penetration is the range of areas in an individual's life being disclosed, or the range of topics discussed.
Hence, we predict that: Respective impacts of breadth and depth of disclosure. To our knowledge, there is a dearth of studies that investigate the relative influence of these two dimensions breadth and depth of disclosure on interpersonal attraction and how they interact with each other within the context of SNSs. The Realistic Accuracy Model Funder, ; Funder, provides a framework within which we can consider the respective roles that breadth and depth of disclosed information may play in evaluation of an SNS profile.
According to this model, accuracy of the judgment about a person depends on: As discussed in detail below, our last question in this study concerns this interaction between breadth and depth of information. On the one hand, whereas increasing the quantity of information provides more data points for making judgments, concurrently increasing intimacy of information may further enhance attributional confidence by revealing relevant information about source characteristics.
On the other hand, sheer increase in amount of information does not necessarily lead to better judgments about others. According to RAM, certain types of information e. Considered from this perspective, it is possible that concurrently increasing breadth and depth of may result in crowding-out of intimate information with higher potential diagnostic value.
In literature on consumer-decision making, for example, studies have repeatedly found evidence indicating that increased amounts of information leads to lower decision quality e. There is growing evidence suggesting that information overload may have important consequences for utilization of SNSs.142: Loving Bravely - How Self Discovery Can Transform Your Relationship - with Alexandra Solomon
For example, earlier research indicate that information overload may result in users feeling overwhelmed, stressed and dissatisfied with an SNS platform, and may even lead to withdrawal from a platform e.
Given these considerations, we further investigate the following research question: How do breadth and depth of information shared in a profile interact in predicting attributional confidence about the profile owner? To investigate the hypotheses and research question described above, we present results from two online experiments.
Hence, the first study focuses solely on breadth of information H1, H2. Study 1 Method Participants and procedure. ClearVoice Research has close to 1 million panelists from countries. Online panel members are recruited and regularly verified via SMS or phone. Once they are recruited, they go through a double opt-in process to become a member of online panel. Participation in studies is voluntary, in exchange for cash or gift cards.
The sample for the current study was drawn from panel members residing in the U. Mean age of the participants was Majority of the participants either had some college education Participants were randomly assigned to see an SNS profile with either low or high breadth of information.
As such, our decision to create a fake SNS platform aimed to minimize the potential confounding effects of user differences in familiarity with an existing SNS platform Figure 1. While creating such a fake SNS profile, we also eliminated any components, such as photos, comments from friends, that may have confounded the effects of breadth and depth of information. The SNS profile at the top displays an example to an SNS profile of a user containing low breadth and high depth of information.
The SNS profile at the bottom displays an example to an SNS profile of a user containing high breadth and low depth of information. To create the profiles, first a library of 78 information categories e. Second, for each information category, a fictional profile information item was created.
Third, 20 items were randomly selected out of this library to create the low information breadth condition.
The high information breadth condition was created by adding 10 additional randomly selected information items to the low information profile. First, we aimed to create an SNS profile that is consistent with real SNS profiles in terms of information disclosure. While there is limited research in this domain, a content analysis of Facebook profiles found that, on average, users disclose about 26 out of 97 possible information items Nosko et al.
In the first screen of the experiment, participants were presented an instruction indicating that they would review a typical profile page from an SNS. Underneath the instructions, on the same page, the SNS profile was shown full scale as an image no hyperlinks were provided for further interaction with the profile.
So we are just inviting our friends. Sometimes our friends in the community turn into our friends, but not always, and that's okay! Because it is good to have friends and it is good to have friends in the community, but they are not the same thing and they don't, usually, want to be.
And it is possible to have high-quality "friends in the community" relationships. But it's not realistic to be close pals with every person who is in your life on a friendly basis. The only scenario in which I would automatically recommend crossing those lines without any hint of interest from the other party is if you become aware that a "friend in the community" is experiencing a personal crisis -- then, I feel, it is appropriate to offer help as you would to a friend, because crises often require the sort of broad support not always available in a circle of friends; see for example personal crowdfunding I have a tiny group of friends, but I am quite close with everyone I consider a friend.
We are like peas and carrots. So take this with a grain of salt in my answer. I don't think you can maintain both remarkable depth and impressive breadth - there will be simply too many pulls on your time and affection. So in order to cultivate deeper friendships, you will probably have to focus on a smaller group of friends. This will mean less time to devote to mere acquaintances, and more to share with your close friends. It might even mean that your friend group needs to stop growing, or possibly shrink.
Also and I certainly don't want to discourage you at all, because close friendships are so wonderful! Friendships, especially super close ones, have to happen organically.
So while choosing to devote more time and effort to quality friendships might help you grow closer with some people, there is no guarantee that this will happen. Sometimes these things just happen by chance, you know?
how to maintain depth as well as breadth of friendships? - relationship | Ask MetaFilter
When your social circle is a mile wide, it really can't be more than one inch deep. You can be superficial friends with lots of people or good friends with a few and you can't have both because friendship takes time and effort. The choice should be easy: Choose to be good friends with a few.
You just have to be savvy and strategic about resource allocation i.
Making Your Choice: Breadth Vs. Depth
The breadth can be maintained through organized group activities. You may have to organize these yourself. For example, a regular gathering held at your house, come-one-come-all. The depth can come from committing to spending more one-on-one time with select friends. Again, you may have to organize this; an example might be a regular Friday night pizza-and-convo sesh at your place, or a favorite hangout, with just one other person.
The trick is to develop a routine that both people slip into, and stick to, over months and years, to create a tradition. If you were an introvert who needed a lot of alone-time to recharge, this approach wouldn't be workable; but I know plenty of super-gregarious people who manage the balancing act. One thing too is that there will be a natural attrition rate in your peer group: This will winnow your circle down.
I'm a big fan of having all sorts of people flow in and out of my life, while carefully cultivating and maintaining a select group of Hospital Friends the folks who will be there for you when the chips are down, and you for them. Part of this cultivation though means being willing to cut loose people who turn out to be flaky or unethical, and that requires a very active and steady "pruning" hand.
Rereading my question I think it may have come out like that.
I do want to be clear this is not about myself being validated by large groups of people that know me, or having a social butterfly personality. It's really about having lots of interests and things I'm involved in and not wanting to close myself off to others simply because I'm busy with existing friends. Hearing how others have achieved balance in their lives is really helpful. You can use that time to track which friends you've not contacted recently, and which friends have upcoming special events birthdaysand brainstorm your next get-together.
Then, make a to-do list involving reaching out, organizing, following up.