What Is Cerebral Palsy? | Everyday Health
Cerebral palsy is a group of neurological disorders caused by a brain Fitness · Food & Nutrition · Sex & Relationships · Sleep · View All . The following can all increase the risk of cerebral palsy: Oral motor skills are related to anything you do with your mouth, such as eating, drinking, or chewing gum. Also, an unexpected issue regarding housing hampered their relationship having a tiff and next second you need to ask your partner to help get a drink, or to. People with severe cerebral palsy may also have difficulties with swallowing, their ability to do things for themselves, to sleep and their social relationships. may have difficulties in chewing and swallowing food and drink – a condition.
How does cerebral palsy affect people?
Some people with cerebral palsy may have difficulties in chewing and swallowing food and drink — a condition known as dysphagia. Because cerebral palsy often impacts fine motor skills, many people are unable to easily use cutlery, hold a cup, or transfer food from a plate to their mouth using their hands. Others may suffer from gastroesophageal reflux — where acid from the stomach rises into the esophagus — which makes eating uncomfortable or painful. This can sometimes be controlled by medication.
Modified foods and thickened fluids Saliva control Because cerebral palsy can affect the muscles around the mouth, 1 in 5 children with cerebral palsy have saliva loss also known as dribbling, drooling or sialorrhoea. The saliva loss may be more noticeable when they are concentrating on doing other tasks. Intellectual disability 1 in 2 people with cerebral palsy have an intellectual disability.
However, there are people who have a profound level of physical impairment, who do not have an intellectual disability.
Other Impairments | Cerebral Palsy Alliance Research Foundation
Conversely, there can be others with a mild physical impairment who have an intellectual disability. Learning difficulties Children with cerebral palsy may experience specific learning difficulties. These may include a short attention span, motor planning difficulties organisation and sequencing of movementperceptual difficulties and language difficulties.
A person cannot catch cerebral palsy or transmit it to someone else. The main effects of cerebral palsy are poor muscle coordination, motor skills, and overall body movement.
People with cerebral palsy have difficulty controlling certain body movements or cannot control them at all. Cerebral palsy may also cause certain neural pathways — through which nerve signals travel — to work improperly or slowly.
The brain injury is permanent and cannot be healed or cured. Physical therapy, movement aids, surgery, medication, and other treatments can all help a person manage cerebral palsy. These treatments can increase their ability to do certain tasks and live independently. Cerebral palsy does not cause death except in very rare severe cases in infants or very young children. Forms of Cerebral Palsy Several types of cerebral palsy exist, based on what kind of movement problems a person has and where they are in the body.
Cerebral Palsy and Epilepsy | Cerebral Palsy Guidance
People with this type have increased muscle tone, which causes stiff muscles and awkward-looking movements. People with dyskinetic, or athetoid, cerebral palsy about 10 percent of cases experience changes in muscle tone, causing rapid, jerky movements or slow, uncontrolled movements. The last type, ataxic cerebral palsy about 10 percent of casescauses difficulty primarily with balance and muscle coordination. People can also have a mixture of these three types. Even within these categories, no two cases of cerebral palsy are alike.
It may affect only one arm in one person and both arms and legs in another. It may affect the face, only the feet, or the entire body. Causes of Cerebral Palsy A wide range of exposures or incidents can cause the brain injury that leads to cerebral palsy. Sometimes a physician can be certain about the cause, but other times it may not be possible to know exactly what caused it.
The following are some of the possible causes: Genetic mutations can cause the brain to develop differently from typical brains and develop a lesion, or injured area. Traumatic brain injury due to a fall, car accident, or other serious accident can cause cerebral palsy. Infections in infancy, such as viral or bacterial meningitis or another condition with a severe, persistent fever, can cause inflammation in or around the brain and injure it.
Severe or untreated jaundice, when the liver does not break down old red blood cells as it should, can also increase the likelihood of cerebral palsy.
Improper brain development during pregnancy, which can result from multiple possible causes 1 Brain injury or inadequate oxygen during birth can cause cerebral palsy. Inadequate blood supply to the fetal or infant brain, called a stroke, can also injure the brain. Other Risk Factors for Cerebral Palsy Some exposures or circumstances can increase the risk of cerebral palsy but may not necessarily be the sole cause of it.
The following can all increase the risk of cerebral palsy: Placenta problems during pregnancy, such as placenta previa, placental abruption, or placental insufficiency, raise the risk of cerebral palsy. Pregnancy and birth complications can increase risk of cerebral palsy: Premature birth before 37 weekswith risk increasing the earlier the baby is born Low birth weight under 5.